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NameZangwill; Oliver Louis (1913-1987); Professor; FRS
TitleProfessor
ForenamesOliver Louis
SurnameZangwill
Dates1913-1987
EpithetFRS
Other NamesO.L.Zangwill
GenderMale
NationalityBritish
DatesAndPlacesBorn East Preston, Sussex 29 October 1913 Died Cambridge 12 October 1987
London 1913-1931
Cambridge 1931-1940
Edinburgh 1940-1945
Oxford 1945-1952
Cambridge 1952-1987
AddressCambridge
RelationshipsZangwill was the second son and youngest of three children in the family of Israel Zangwill (1864-1926) the literary and political figure, and his wife, Edith Ayrton (1875-1945) who was active in the establishment of the League of Nations. A cousin was the painter and writer Michael Ayrton (nd), the common grandfather being the physicist William Ayrton (nd) FRS
His students at the National Institute of Neurology and the Radcliffe Infirmary included:
George Ettlinger 1927-1994
John McFie (nd) 1922-1980
Malcolm Piercy 1924-2012
Maria Wyke (nd) d. c.2017
Elizabeth Warrington 1931-
Brenda Milner (nd) 1918-
all of whom became distinguished neuropsychologists.
ActivityZangwill was the second son and youngest of three children in the family of Israel Zangwill (1864-1926) the literary and political figure, and his wife, Edith Ayrton (1875-1945) who was active in the establishment of the League of Nations.

Zangwill was educated at University College School, London (1928-1931) and at King's College Cambridge.
At Cambridge, Zangwill with his lifelong friend R.C.Oldfield (nd) wrote a critique of the celebrated concept of mental schema put forward by Sir Henry Head (1861-1940) and F C Bartlett.

Zangwill became a research psychologist at the brain injuries unit in Edinburgh (1940-1945)., which was directed by Norman Dott (nd).
While assistant director of the Institute of Experimental Psychology at the University of Oxford (1945-1952) Zangwill promoted the teaching of Psychology.

Appointed to the Cambridge chair of Experimental Psychology, which he held from 1 October 1952 to 1981, with a fellowship of King's College. Zangwill brought Lawrence Weiskrantz (nd) from America to set up a primate laboratory,. Cambridge University Psychology Department have a lecture society The Zangwill club named after Zangwill. https://talks.cam.ac.uk/show/index/6342

Zangwill took a major part in setting up the Experimental Psychology Group.. It became the larger Experimental Psychology Society, with its quarterly journal, which Zangwill edited from 1958 to 1966, serving also on the editorial board of Neuropsychologia (1963-1981).

Zangwill was President of the British Psychological Society in 1974 and elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1977.

He had honorary degrees from Stirling (1979) and St Andrews (1980) and held the honorary post of visiting psychologist at the National Hospital for Nervous Diseases (1947-1979); he also had close connections with European clinical neurology and, in the United States, with Hans-Lukas Teuber (nd) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Sources: Richard L. Gregory, Zangwill, Oliver Louis (1913-1987), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004[accessed 11 Jan 2005: <available at>http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/39981

Compiled by Mike Maskill, BPS Archivist for the History of Psychology Centre.
OtherInfoZangwill's paper "Amnesia and the generic image" remains significant for the subject of whether semantic memory remains intact in amnesia.
PublishedWorksSelected publications:

R.L. Gregory and O. Zangwill (eds) The Oxford Companion to the Mind, OUP.
Amnesia and the generic image, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2, 1950
An Introduction to Modern Psychology Methuen & Co London 1950
Current Problems in Animal Behaviour (Cambridge) CUP, 1961
Amnesia (London) Butterworths, 1966
SourceSources: Richard L. Gregory, Zangwill, Oliver Louis (1913-1987), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004[accessed 11 Jan 2005: <available at>http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/39981
ConventionsInternational Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families - ISAAR(CPF) - Ottawa 1996 ISBN ISBN 0-9696035-3-3
National Council on Archives, Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997

Show related catalogue records.

Catalogue
RefNoTitleDates
PHO/001/02/400Oldfield, Richard Charles 'Carolus' - PhotographMid 20th Century
HEARN/1/5/2Miscellaneous1933-1974
AUD/002/OHP 37Holdsworth, Roger - Recording15 April 2008
KENNA/2/4/4Notes, Drafts and Research Material (Individuals and Societies)1960s-1970s
HEARN/1/4/3Lecture Notes Physiological Psychology1958-1959
PHO/001/02/586Zangwill, Oliver Louis - Photograph20th century
APU/001MRC Applied Psychology Unit APU Pamphlets, Reprints & Projects1921-1998
APU/003MRC APU Bartlett-Zangwill Correspondence20th century
BPS/001/11/04/03/03/18Interdisciplinary Working Party on Ethical Guidelines for Behaviour Modification (Zangwill) 1977-19811977-1981
PHO/001/04/03/06/13Wilson, Barbara - PhotographApril 2009
BPS/004/1/07Zangwill Oliver Louis (1913-1987) papers 1941-19451941-1945
HEARN/1/5/1Cambridge Conference on Psychology of Thinking, 19551955
AUD/002/OHP 12Conrad , R - Recording20 October 2005
AUD/002/OHP 39Warr, Peter - Recording16 September 2008
PHO/001/04/08/26MRC APU [Applied Psychology Research Unit] Photographmid 20th century
AUD/002/OHP 40Gregory, Richard - Recording13 November 2008
PHO/001/04/08/10Symposium on Thinking 1955, Cambridge - Photograph1955
BPS/004/1Individuals 1910-19941910-1994
BPS/001/6/01/04/01/01XIX International Congress of Psychology, London, 27 July - 2 August 19691969-1972
BPS/001/3/05/02/05BPS F&GPC Papers 1982-19831982-1983
BPS/001/11/04/03/03BPS Consultations 1972-19791972-1979
AUD/002/OHP 49Black, Tony - Recording5 August 2009
AUD/002/OHP 33Conochie, Douglas - Recording2 July 2008
KENNA/2/4/1Joseph Jacobs & the Digit Span Test1967-1987
HEARN/1/1/2Reprints and Text (2)1941-1984
AUD/002/OHP 24Oswald, Ian - Recording16 October 2007
AUD/002/OHP 44Newman, Colin V. - Recording13 November 2008
AUD/002/OHP 90Wilson, Barbara A. - Recording25 October 2012
HEARN/1/4/2Inaugural and other Formal Lectures 1947-1979
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